The baby that mothers must know is designed to make mistakes
Mistake 1 It is not estimated that when the paste-like food is added in the baby 4-6 months, the simple replacement of breast milk or formula can no longer meet the needs of growth and development, and the paste-like food must be added as a “complementary food”.
However, some breast-fed babies have not established the habit of feeding muddy foods by 8-9 months.
If you don’t enter the muddy food in time, you will not be able to get full nutrition for your baby, and because 4-6 months is the key period for the baby to promote chewing function and taste development, gradually increase the muddy complementary food to supplement the baby’s lack of chewing and chewingStimulation delays the development of masticatory function or low masticatory function, causing difficulties, which is prone to the phenomenon of delayed language development, poor cognition, and low IQ of operation.
Add paste-like food to infants 4-6 months old, mainly nutritious rice noodles fortified with multivitamins and minerals.
At the same time to ensure the quality of the mud-like food, gradually add different colors, different flavors and different flavors of food.
Such as egg yolk, vegetable puree, fruit puree, fish puree, liver puree, meat puree, etc. to stimulate the baby’s taste, while meeting the needs of growth and development.
Mistake 2 Heme iron intake is too low Iron deficiency anemia is a frequent occurrence in infancy.
Mainly due to iron deficiency.
In infants and young children, the source of iron is mostly dependent on food.
There are two sources of iron in food. One is heme iron, which comes from foods high in animal protein, such as lean meat, animal liver, animal blood, and fish. These foods are even high in iron and are absorbed.The process is not affected by other foods in the contamination; the other is non-heme iron, which comes from vegetable foods such as vegetables, cereals, and red beans.
In the pregnancy of a baby, many parents like to eat fish and shrimp for the baby (the iron content of the shrimp is reduced). They feel that the meat is not easy to cook, the baby cannot chew, and it is not easy to digest. They think that the liver is a detoxification organ, and there are many “poisons”.It is rarely given to babies, so that the replacement of heme iron is insufficient.
It also reduces the absorption of non-heme iron.
In order to prevent iron deficiency anemia, in addition to encouraging breast milk intake (high iron absorption in breast milk), formula should be consumed when breast milk is insufficient.
After 4 months, in addition to fortified nutritional rice flour, liver mud and meat mud should be gradually added after 6 months to increase heme iron.
In addition, vegetables and fruits must be added at the same time. Fruits added with vitamin C include oranges, kiwis, strawberries, etc. It is best to eat immediately after meals to promote iron absorption, so that the effect will be better.
Mistake 3 Monotonous too many types of food Many parents do not recognize the vertical and cooking methods of the baby’s food types. Too much monotony for the baby’s food types, such as eating vegetables, fish and egg yolks for the baby every day;Fish meal and liver meal are mixed in rice noodles, making the baby unable to distinguish the taste and shape of different foods. Over time, the baby does not even get comprehensive nutrition, is unwilling to accept new foods, and may even cause anorexia and partial eating.
There is no natural food in the world that contains all the nutrients that the human body needs. Only by eating a variety of foods can comprehensive nutrition be obtained.
When cooking, mothers can have more tricks and develop the habit of eating various foods for the baby.
Generally, babies after 1 year of age should eat at least 10 kinds of food every day, and can gradually increase to 30 kinds in the future. Many types of food can be eaten together, such as “fried Wuding”: potatoes, carrots, peas,Mushrooms and pork are cut into small cubes and fried.
Another example is borscht, you can put onions, cabbage, potatoes, carrots, tomatoes and beef.
These dishes have a wide variety of foods, bright colors, and comprehensive nutritional ingredients, and are worth recommending.
Mistake 4 Drink more fruit juice. When it comes to fruit juice, parents will think that this is a healthy food. The more the baby drinks, the better.
But scientific research has shown that excessive amounts of residual juice in babies can cause malnutrition.
Because if you drink too much juice, the amount of breast milk or formula milk supplements will naturally decrease.
Most fruit juices contain a lot of carbohydrates (sugars). If a large amount is ingested into the body, it can cause diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloating and flatulence in the baby, so the fruit juice does not provide real nutrients.
In addition, many fruity drinks are not 100% pure fruit juices. Sweeteners, artificial flavors and other chemical ingredients are added to the fruit, which affects the baby’s health.
It is recommended that mothers do not feed juice to infants under 6 months of age, and it is not advisable to drink juice to babies before going to bed.
Mistake 5 Give your baby too much eggs. Eggs are rich in nutrients, rich in protein, minerals and multivitamins, and have a great burden on the baby’s growth and development.
However, if parents give eggs to their baby as a staple food, they think that the more they eat, the better, which is very unscientific.
Infants and young children’s digestive system is not fully developed, and various digestive enzymes are released too much. Eating too much eggs will increase the burden on the baby’s body, causing indigestion and discarding vomiting and diarrhea.
In addition, too much protein can increase nitrogen in the body and increase the burden on the kidneys.
Therefore, some nutrition experts recommend that infants under 1 year old eat only egg yolk, and no more than one per day.
Older babies can eat whole eggs, but they can’t eat too much. Eat one per day.
If protein is found in the baby’s stool, it means that the baby is malabsorption, and it should be appropriately treated with drugs or food.
Try not to give your baby fried or raw eggs.
Mistake 6: Give the baby “medicine” at will Many parents are afraid that the nutritional ingredients in the diet will not be sufficient to meet the baby’s growth and development needs, so they will buy some nutrition or supplements for the baby, such as American ginseng, white fungus, longan, bee milk,Think of these foods as tonics that will promote your baby’s growth and development.
In fact, the nutritional value of some nutritional supplements is not high, and may also contain hormones, which may cause premature puberty.
There are also some parents who are always worried about the lack of the baby and the “bad supplement” for the baby, such as giving the baby cod liver oil, eating multiple vitamins at the same time, eating calcium powder and multiple mineral supplements, causing a certainExcessive intake of these nutrients or an improper ratio of nutrients can be very detrimental to your baby’s physical development.Medication supplements are not as good as food supplements. As long as balanced compensation is maintained, the baby’s nutrition can be basically balanced.
And various nutrients obtained through food.
Even the excess can be balanced by the contraction of the body and rarely causes poisoning.